Alternative fuels data center_ benefits and considerations of electricity as a vehicle fuel

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In 2014, the United States imported about 27% of the petroleum it consumed, and transportation was responsible for nearly three-quarters of total U.S. How much is gas in canada per gallon 2014 petroleum consumption. Calculate fuel cost by mileage With much of the world’s petroleum reserves located in politically volatile countries, the United States is vulnerable to price spikes and supply disruptions.

Using hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles instead of conventional vehicles can help reduce U.S. Figure gas cost per trip reliance on imported petroleum and increase energy security. Cost of mileage reimbursement 2013 Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) typically use less fuel than similar conventional vehicles, because they employ electric-drive technologies to boost efficiency. How to calculate fuel cost Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and all-electric vehicles (EVs) are both capable of using off-board sources of electricity, and almost all U.S. Average gas prices by state electricity is produced from domestic coal, nuclear energy, natural gas, and renewable resources. Average fuel cost per year per vehicle Fuel Economy

HEVs typically achieve better fuel economy and have lower fuel costs than similar conventional vehicles. Estimating cost of gas for a road trip For example, the 2016 Honda Civic Hybrid has an EPA combined city-and-highway fuel economy estimate of 45 miles per gallon, while the estimate for the conventional 2015 Civic (four cylinder, automatic) is 35 miles per gallon. Average cost of gas in usa Use the Find A Car tool on to compare fuel economy ratings of individual hybrid and conventional models.

PHEVs and EVs can reduce fuel costs dramatically because of the low cost of electricity relative to conventional fuel. Costco gas bakersfield california Because they rely in whole or part on electric power, their fuel economy is measured differently than in conventional vehicles.

How to calculate gas cost per month Miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (mpge) and kilowatt-hours (kWh) per 100 miles are common metrics. Mpg cost calculator uk Depending on how they’re driven, today’s light-duty EVs (or PHEVs in electric mode) can exceed 100 mpge and can drive 100 miles consuming only 25-40 kWh.

The fuel economy of medium- and heavy-duty PHEVs and EVs is highly dependent on the load carried and the duty cycle, but in the right applications, they can maintain a strong fuel-cost advantage over their conventional counterparts as well. How much does gas cost per mile Infrastructure Availability

PHEVs and EVs have the benefit of flexible fueling: Since the electric grid is available almost anywhere people park, PEVs can charge overnight at a residence (or a fleet facility), at a workplace, or at public charging stations. How much does natural gas cost a month PHEVs have added flexibility, because they can also refuel with gasoline or diesel (or possibly other fuels in the future) when necessary.

Public charging stations are not as ubiquitous as gas stations, but charging equipment manufacturers, automakers, utilities, Clean Cities coalitions, municipalities, and government agencies are establishing a rapidly expanding network of charging infrastructure. Cost of a gallon of gas in canada The number of publicly accessible charging stations surpassed 13,000 in 2016, offering more than 32,000 outlets. How much does gasoline cost in california Search for electric charging stations near you. Calculate gas prices mapquest Costs

Although fuel costs for hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles are generally lower than for similar conventional vehicles, purchase prices can be significantly higher. Gas tankless hot water heater reviews 2014 However, prices are likely to decrease as production volumes increase. How to calculate gas cost for a trip And initial costs can be offset by fuel cost savings, a federal tax credit, and state incentives. Price of gasoline in europe in us dollars The federal Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit is available for PHEV and EV purchases until manufacturers meet certain thresholds of vehicle sales. Calculate fuel cost trip It provides a tax credit of $2,500 to $7,500 for new purchases, with the amount determined by the size of the vehicle and capacity of its battery.

Use the Vehicle Cost Calculator to compare lifetime ownership costs of individual models of HEVs, PHEVs, EVs, and conventional vehicles. Calculate gas cost for a road trip Emissions

Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles can have significant emissions benefits over conventional vehicles. Gas prices san diego county HEV emissions benefits vary by vehicle model and type of hybrid power system. Estimate gas and electric usage EVs produce zero tailpipe emissions, and PHEVs produce no tailpipe emissions when in all-electric mode.

The life cycle emissions of an EV or PHEV depend on the sources of electricity used to charge it, which vary by region. Cheap gas austin texas In geographic areas that use relatively low-polluting energy sources for electricity production, plug-in vehicles typically have a life cycle emissions advantage over similar conventional vehicles running on gasoline or diesel. Gas stove price in india 2015 In regions that depend heavily on conventional fossil fuels for electricity generation, PHEVs and EVs may not demonstrate a strong life cycle emissions benefit. Cost of gas to drive calculator canada Use the Vehicle Cost Calculator to compare life cycle emissions of individual vehicle models in a given location. Estimate my gas cost Batteries

Like the engines in conventional vehicles, the advanced batteries in plug-in electric vehicles are designed for extended life but will wear out eventually. British gas cost calculator Several manufacturers of plug-in vehicles are offering 8-year/100,000 mile battery warranties. How much gas for my trip canada Test and simulation results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory indicate that today’s batteries may last 12 to 15 years in moderate climates (eight to 12 years in extreme climates).

Check with your dealer for model-specific information about battery life and warranties. Average cost of a gallon of gas Although manufacturers have not published pricing for replacement batteries, some are offering extended warranty programs with monthly fees. Fuel prices melbourne shell If the batteries need to be replaced outside the warranty, it may be a significant expense. Calculate fuel cost for my trip uk Battery prices are expected to decline as battery technologies improve and production volumes increase.

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