Criminal code

241.1 The following definitions apply in this section and in sections 241.2 to 241.4. How much do cleaning ladies make medical assistance in dying

(a) the administering by a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner of a substance to a person, at their request, that causes their death; or

(b) the prescribing or providing by a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner of a substance to a person, at their request, so that they may self-administer the substance and in doing so cause their own death.?( aide medicale a mourir)

medical practitioner?means a person who is entitled to practise medicine under the laws of a province.?( medecin) nurse practitioner

nurse practitioner?means a registered nurse who, under the laws of a province, is entitled to practise as a nurse practitioner — or under an equivalent designation — and to autonomously make diagnoses, order and interpret diagnostic tests, prescribe substances and treat patients.?( infirmier praticien) pharmacist

pharmacist?means a person who is entitled to practise pharmacy under the laws of a province.


?( pharmacien)

241.2 (1) A person may receive medical assistance in dying only if they meet all of the following criteria:

(a) they are eligible — or, but for any applicable minimum period of residence or waiting period, would be eligible — for health services funded by a government in Canada;

(b) they are at least 18 years of age and capable of making decisions with respect to their health;

(d) they have made a voluntary request for medical assistance in dying that, in particular, was not made as a result of external pressure; and

(e) they give informed consent to receive medical assistance in dying after having been informed of the means that are available to relieve their suffering, including palliative care.

(2) A person has a grievous and irremediable medical condition only if they meet all of the following criteria:

(a) they have a serious and incurable illness, disease or disability;

(b) they are in an advanced state of irreversible decline in capability;

(c) that illness, disease or disability or that state of decline causes them enduring physical or psychological suffering that is intolerable to them and that cannot be relieved under conditions that they consider acceptable; and

(d) their natural death has become reasonably foreseeable, taking into account all of their medical circumstances, without a prognosis necessarily having been made as to the specific length of time that they have remaining.

(3) Before a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner provides a person with medical assistance in dying, the medical practitioner or nurse practitioner must

(a) be of the opinion that the person meets all of the criteria set out in subsection (1);

(b) ensure that the person’s request for medical assist­ance in dying was

(i) made in writing and signed and dated by the person or by another person under subsection (4), and

(ii) signed and dated after the person was informed by a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner that the person has a grievous and irremediable medical condition;

(c) be satisfied that the request was signed and dated by the person — or by another person under subsection (4) — before two independent witnesses who then also signed and dated the request;

(d) ensure that the person has been informed that they may, at any time and in any manner, withdraw their request;

(e) ensure that another medical practitioner or nurse practitioner has provided a written opinion confirming that the person meets all of the criteria set out in subsection (1);

(f) be satisfied that they and the other medical practitioner or nurse practitioner referred to in paragraph (e) are independent;

(g) ensure that there are at least 10 clear days between the day on which the request was signed by or on behalf of the person and the day on which the medical assistance in dying is provided or — if they and the other medical practitioner or nurse practitioner referred to in paragraph (e) are both of the opinion that the person’s death, or the loss of their capacity to provide informed consent, is imminent — any shorter period that the first medical practitioner or nurse practitioner considers appropriate in the circumstances;

(h) immediately before providing the medical assist­ance in dying, give the person an opportunity to withdraw their request and ensure that the person gives express consent to receive medical assistance in dying; and

(i) if the person has difficulty communicating, take all necessary measures to provide a reliable means by which the person may understand the information that is provided to them and communicate their decision.

(4) If the person requesting medical assistance in dying is unable to sign and date the request, another person — who is at least 18 years of age, who understands the nature of the request for medical assistance in dying and who does not know or believe that they are a beneficiary under the will of the person making the request, or a recipient, in any other way, of a financial or other material benefit resulting from that person’s death — may do so in the person’s presence, on the person’s behalf and under the person’s express direction.

(5) Any person who is at least 18 years of age and who understands the nature of the request for medical assist­ance in dying may act as an independent witness, except if they

(a) know or believe that they are a beneficiary under the will of the person making the request, or a recipient, in any other way, of a financial or other material benefit resulting from that person’s death;

(b) are an owner or operator of any health care facility at which the person making the request is being treated or any facility in which that person resides;

(c) are directly involved in providing health care serv­ices to the person making the request; or

(d) directly provide personal care to the person making the request.

• Marginal note:Independence — medical practitioners and nurse practitioners

(6) The medical practitioner or nurse practitioner providing medical assistance in dying and the medical practitioner or nurse practitioner who provides the opinion referred to in paragraph (3)(e) are independent if they

(a) are not a mentor to the other practitioner or responsible for supervising their work;

(b) do not know or believe that they are a beneficiary under the will of the person making the request, or a recipient, in any other way, of a financial or other material benefit resulting from that person’s death, other than standard compensation for their services relating to the request; or

(c) do not know or believe that they are connected to the other practitioner or to the person making the request in any other way that would affect their objectivity.

(7) Medical assistance in dying must be provided with reasonable knowledge, care and skill and in accordance with any applicable provincial laws, rules or standards.

(8) The medical practitioner or nurse practitioner who, in providing medical assistance in dying, prescribes or obtains a substance for that purpose must, before any pharmacist dispenses the substance, inform the pharmacist that the substance is intended for that purpose.

(9) For greater certainty, nothing in this section compels an individual to provide or assist in providing medical assistance in dying.

241.3 A medical practitioner or nurse practitioner who, in providing medical assistance in dying, knowingly fails to comply with all of the requirements set out in paragraphs 241.2(3)(b) to (i) and subsection 241.2(8) is guilty of an offence and is liable

(a) on conviction on indictment, to a term of imprisonment of not more than five years; or

(b) on summary conviction, to a term of imprisonment of not more than 18 months.

• 25 – Protection of Persons Administering and Enforcing the Law

• 46 – Treason and other Offences against the Queen’s Authority and Person

• 83.18 – Participating, Facilitating, Instructing and Harbouring

• 105 – Offences relating to Lost, Destroyed or Defaced Weapons, etc.

• 118 – PART IV – Offences Against the Administration of Law and Justice

• 150 – PART V – Sexual Offences, Public Morals and Disorderly Conduct

• 213 – Offences in Relation to Offering, Providing or Obtaining Sexual Services for Consideration

• 214 – PART VIII – Offences Against the Person and Reputation

• 244 – Bodily Harm and Acts and Omissions Causing Danger to the Person

• 279 – Kidnapping, Trafficking in Persons, Hostage Taking and Abduction

• 379 – PART X – Fraudulent Transactions Relating to Contracts and Trade

• 422 – Breach of Contract, Intimidation and Discrimination Against Trade Unionists

• 428 – PART XI – Wilful and Forbidden Acts in Respect of Certain Property

• 460 – Advertising and Trafficking in Counterfeit Money or Counterfeit Tokens of Value

• 462.1 – PART XII.1 – Instruments and Literature for Illicit Drug Use

• 462.32 – Search, Seizure and Detention of Proceeds of Crime

• 487.1 – Other Provisions Respecting Search Warrants, Preservation Orders and Production Orders

• 490.012 – Order to Comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act

• 490.019 – Notice and Obligation to Comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act — Convictions Before December 15, 2004

• 490.02901 – Notice and Obligation to Comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act — Convictions Outside Canada

• 493 – PART XVI – Compelling Appearance of Accused Before a Justice and Interim Release

• 543 – Remand Where Offence Committed in Another Jurisdiction

• 574 – PART XX – Procedure in Jury Trials and General Provisions

• 672.34 – Verdict of Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder

• 696.1 – PART XXI.1 – Applications for Ministerial Review — Miscarriages of Justice

• 752 – PART XXIV – Dangerous Offenders and Long-term Offenders

• 829 – Summary Appeal on Transcript or Agreed Statement of Facts

• FORM 5.007 – Production Order for Transmission Data or Tracking Data

• FORM 5.0081 – Information To Revoke or Vary an Order Made Under Any of Sections 487.013 to 487.018 of the Criminal Code

• FORM 5.01 – Information To Obtain a Warrant To Take Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.02 – Warrant Authorizing the Taking of Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.03 – Order Authorizing the Taking of Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.04 – Order Authorizing the Taking of Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.041 – Order to a Person To Have Bodily Substances Taken for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.05 – Application for an Authorization To Take Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.06 – Authorization To Take Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.061 – Summons to a Person To Have Bodily Substances Taken for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.07 – Report to a Provincial Court Judge or the Court

• FORM 5.08 – Application for an Authorization To Take Additional Samples of Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 5.09 – Authorization To Take Additional Samples of Bodily Substances for Forensic DNA Analysis

• FORM 9 – Appearance Notice Issued by a Peace Officer to a Person Not Yet Charged with an Offence

• FORM 11 – Recognizance Entered into Before an Officer in Charge or Other Peace Officer

• FORM 11.1 – Undertaking Given to a Peace Officer or an Officer in Charge

• FORM 15 – Warrant To Convey Accused Before Justice of Another Territorial Division

• FORM 16.1 – Subpoena to a Witness in the Case of Proceedings in Respect of an Offence Referred to in Subsection 278.2(1) of the Criminal Code

• FORM 20 – Warrant of Committal of Witness for Refusing To Be Sworn or To Give Evidence

• FORM 22 – Warrant of Committal on an Order for the Payment of Money

• FORM 23 – Warrant of Committal for Failure To Furnish Recognizance To Keep the Peace

• FORM 24 – Warrant of Committal of Witness for Failure To Enter into Recognizance

• FORM 26 – Warrant of Committal in Default of Payment of Costs of an Appeal

• FORM 27 – Warrant of Committal on Forfeiture of a Recognizance

• FORM 30 – Order for Accused To Be Brought Before Justice Prior to Expiration of Period of Remand

• FORM 33 – Certificate of Default To Be Endorsed on Recognizance

• FORM 48.2 – Victim Impact Statement?—?Not Criminally Responsible

• FORM 51 – Notice of Obligation To Provide Samples of Bodily Substance

• FORM 52 – Order To Comply with Sex Offender Information Registration Act

• FORM 53 – Notice of Obligation To Comply with Sex Offender Information Registration Act

• FORM 54 – Obligation To Comply with Sex Offender Information Registration Act

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