Elizabeth van lew – dictionary definition of elizabeth van lew _ encyclopedia. com_ free online dictionary
Elizabeth Van Lew was a wealthy and refined (cultured) lady of Richmond, Virginia—the city that became the Confederate capital during the Civil War. Old cleaning lady picture Her neighbors called her “Crazy Bet” and laughed at her strange behavior. Famous cleaning lady But she only pretended to be eccentric (odd or peculiar). The cleaning lady simpsonville sc In fact, she was a cunning and highly effective spy for the Union. Cleaning lady stories She sent valuable information to the North through the entire course of the war, and she also helped numerous Union soldiers escape from Southern prisons.
Hotel cleaning lady Supports the abolition of slavery
Elizabeth Van Lew was born in Richmond in 1818. How much do you pay a cleaning lady per hour Her family owned a large farm and several businesses. Cleaning lady holiday tip Their wealth made them part of Richmond’s upper class. Cleaning lady synonym Like many wealthy Southern families of this time period, Van Lew’s family owned slaves. Animated cleaning lady The slaves performed household tasks like cooking and cleaning and also worked on the farm. What does a cleaning lady do As a young woman, Van Lew went to the North to complete her
education. Tip cleaning lady home During this time, she came into contact with abolitionists (people who worked to end slavery).
The basic belief behind slavery was that black people were inferior to whites. Average cleaning lady cost Under slavery, white slaveholders treated black people as property, forced them to perform hard labor, and controlled every aspect of their lives. How much do you tip a cleaning lady Thanks to the efforts of the abolitionists, growing numbers of Northerners believed that slavery was wrong. Cleaning lady images They outlawed slavery in the Northern states and tried to prevent it from spreading beyond the Southern states where it was already allowed. How much does a maid cost But slavery played a big role in the Southern economy and culture. Sadie the cleaning lady original As a result, many Southerners felt threatened by Northern efforts to contain slavery. Girl cleaning clipart They believed that each state should decide for itself whether to allow slavery.
By the time Van Lew returned to the South, she believed that slavery was wrong and felt that black Americans should have the same rights and opportunities as whites. Average cleaning lady rates She convinced her family to free all of their slaves and to help them obtain an education in the North. British maid cleaning adelaide As a result, the freed slaves remained loyal to the family. Cleaning lady jokes Most of them stayed with Van Lew throughout the Civil War. Thank you note for cleaning lady In fact, several of her former slaves played important roles in her spy operation. The cleaning lady hates me Decides to help the Union cause
The debate over slavery and other issues caused a great deal of political tension between the North and South. Cartoon girl cleaning By 1861, the ongoing dispute had convinced several Southern states to secede from (leave) the United States and attempt to form a new country that allowed slavery, called the Confederate States of America. How to find a cleaning lady Van Lew’s home state of Virginia was among those that seceded. Cleaning lady images free But Northern political leaders were determined to keep the Southern states in the Union. Crazy cleaning lady Before long, the two sides went to war.
Since Van Lew strongly opposed slavery, she supported the Northern cause in the war. Cleaning lady gif Shortly after the war started, she decided to help the Union by keeping its military leaders informed of events in the Confederate capital. Tip for cleaning lady At first, she simply wrote letters to President Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865; see entry). Pink lady cleaning service Once Union leaders discovered the
value of her information, however, they made her part of the Secret Service—a formal intelligence-gathering network. French cleaning lady costume She then reported to George Sharpe, the main information officer for Union general Ulysses S. How much do cleaning services charge Grant (1822–1885; see entry).
Many of Van Lew’s friends and neighbors realized that she did not support the Confederacy. Do you tip a maid service After all, she spoke out against slavery in Richmond, and she refused to join other local women in sewing shirts for Confederate soldiers. Another word for barmaid But no one ever suspected that this wealthy, refined lady—who had been born into Richmond’s high society—would dream of spying for the Union. Cleaning lady in family guy Van Lew realized that her image worked in her favor and did her best to keep it up. Tipping cleaning lady christmas She often appeared in public with her hair messy and her clothing in disarray, and she did strange things like visiting Union soldiers in prison. How much do i tip my cleaning lady She also welcomed Confederate officers into her home, which everyone knew a Union spy would never do. The cleaning lady As a result, the people of Richmond viewed Van Lew as a harmless eccentric. Flylady cleaning checklist They even gave her the nickname “Crazy Bet.” Develops expert spy techniques
Over the course of the war, Van Lew developed excellent spy tactics. Another word for cleaning lady For example, she often tore secret messages into pieces and sent each piece with a different courier. How much does a maid cost in singapore That way, any single piece would be meaningless if the messenger was captured. Cleaning lady salary She also invented a special code that she used for many of her messages. How much do you tip cleaning lady Sometimes she wrote them in ink that was invisible until it came into contact with milk. Flylady sink cleaning She disguised some secret messages as long, newsy letters from a Miss Eliza Jones of Richmond to her Uncle James Jones in Norfolk, Virginia—behind the Union lines. Cleaning lady ads examples These people did not actually exist. The cleaning lady company Instead, the letters went to Union officials, who used milk to read the invisible messages between the lines.
Since Van Lew’s family owned a farm outside of Richmond, she managed to obtain passes from the Confederate Army that allowed her and her servants to travel back and forth. Cleaning lady cost This route served as the first leg of the journey to the North for many secret messages. Cleaning lady crossword clue She sometimes carried the messages in baskets with false bottoms. Pink ladies cleaning las vegas She even hollowed out the inside of eggs to carry some messages.
Van Lew often visited Union prisoners held in Richmond jails. What does your cleaning lady do These men provided her with information about Confederate troop positions and strategy. Cleaning lady 2 She also had a safe room in her house to hide escaped Union prisoners until she could arrange for friends to guide them to freedom in the North. How much does a cleaning lady charge None of the prisoners were ever captured in her home, even though she sometimes had Confederate officers staying with her at the same time. Do you tip a house cleaning service Once, when the Confederates came looking for horses to use in the war effort, Van Lew used her safe room to hide her last horse. Spanish cleaning lady names She wanted to keep the horse, in case she needed to send a fast message to the North.
One of Van Lew’s best sources of information was her former slave, Mary Elizabeth Bowser. Sadie the cleaning lady youtube Van Lew had sent Bowser to Philadelphia for schooling prior to the war. How much should a cleaning lady cost Once the war started, she arranged for Bowser to become a servant to President Jefferson Davis (1808–1889; see entry) in the Confederate White House. How much do cleaning services charge per hour Bowser pretended that she could not
read, then stole glances at confidential memos and orders while she was cleaning. Another word for maiden She also eavesdropped on conversations between Confederate officials while she served dinner. The cleaning lady greenville sc Bowser passed information about troop movements and other Confederate Army plans along to Van Lew, who sent it on to Union officials. How much should i pay my cleaning lady Bowser’s activities as a Union spy went undetected throughout the war. Hotel cleaning lady called Traitor to the South, hero to the North
Van Lew continued spying for the Union until the end of the war and was never arrested. Cleaning lady halloween costume But her friends and neighbors did spread rumors about her, and most people in Richmond eventually came to believe she was guilty. Tipping cleaning service hotel Shortly before the war ended, an angry mob came to her house and threatened to burn it down. Old lady cleaning Van Lew stopped them by saying that she would send the Union troops to burn the mob members’ houses down as soon as they arrived in the city.
When the Union troops captured Richmond in 1865, General Grant assigned a group of soldiers to protect Van Lew and her property. How much does a cleaning lady cost per hour A few years later, when Grant became president of the United States, he rewarded her loyalty by naming her postmistress of Richmond. How much to tip cleaning lady at christmas But the people of Richmond never forgave Van Lew for spying for the Union. Cleaning lady adelaide She was lonely and isolated in the years after the war. Cleaning lady cartoon Since she had used her own money to finance her spy operations, she was also poor. How much does a maid cost per week In her later years, she was supported by her loyal servants and by donations from some of the Union prisoners she had helped to escape.
Van Lew was considered a traitor in the South, but a hero in the North. How much do you tip the cleaning lady at christmas “If I am entitled to the name of ‘spy’ because I was in the Secret Service, I accept it willingly; but it will hereafter have to my mind a high and honorable signification [meaning],” she once wrote. How much do you give cleaning lady for christmas “For my loyalty to my country I have two beautiful names—here I am called ‘Traitor,’ farther North a ‘Spy’—instead of the honored name of ‘Faithful.'”
When Van Lew died in 1900, she remained so unpopular in Richmond that no local residents came to her funeral. Flylady cleaning products But a group of admirers in Boston, Massachusetts, bought a
granite marker for her grave. How to be a cleaning lady The bronze plaque summed up her service to the Union during the Civil War: “She risked everything that is dear to man—friends, fortune, comfort, health, life itself, all for the one absorbing desire of her heart—that slavery might be abolished and the Union preserved.” Where to Learn More
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