The rise and fall of jim crow. jim crow stories . booker t. washington _ pbs
Booker T. How to clean washing machine smell Washington was the most famous black man in America between 1895 and 1915. Best temperature to wash dark clothes He was also considered the most influential black educator of the late 19th and early 20th centuries insofar as he controlled the flow of funds to black schools and colleges. How do i wash clothes by hand Born a slave on a small farm in the Virginia backcountry, he worked in the salt furnaces and coalmines of West Virginia as a child.
How to remove red wine stain from cotton shirt Determined to educate himself, he traveled hundreds of miles under great hardship until he arrived — broke, tired, and dirty — at Hampton Institute.
He became a star pupil under the tutelage of General Samuel Chapman Armstrong, head of Hampton. How should you wash baby clothes Washington was teaching at Hampton when General Armstrong called him aside after chapel. How to remove old red wine stains from white clothes He said he had received a letter from some “gentlemen in Alabama” asking him to recommend a white principal for a colored school they wanted to open there in the town of Tuskegee. How to hand wash baby clothes In 1881, Washington founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute on the Hampton model in the Black Belt of Alabama.
Starting with a broken down building, he used his ability to win the trust of white Southerners and Northern philanthropists to make Tuskegee into a model school of industrial education. How to keep white shirt collar clean He reassured whites that nothing in his educational program challenged white supremacy or offered economic competition with whites. How to remove red wine stains from carpet when dry He accepted racial subordination as a necessary evil, at least until such time as blacks could prove themselves worthy of full civil and political rights. How do i clean my washing machine with bleach As far as blacks were concerned, Washington insisted that industrial education would enable them to lift themselves up by their bootstraps and escape the trap of sharecropping and debt.
In September 1895, Washington became a national hero. How to make white clothes whiter without using bleach Invited to speak at the 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, Washington publicly accepted disfranchisement and social segregation as long as whites would allow black economic progress, educational opportunity, and justice in the courts. Best way to wash black clothes “The wisest of my race understand that the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremest folly and that progress in the enjoyment of all the privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than artificial forcing. Should you wash all new baby clothes The opportunity to earn a dollar in a factory just now is worth infinitely more than to spend a dollar in an opera house.”
Washington further publicized himself and his program by publishing his (ghost-written) autobiography, UP FROM SLAVERY, in 1901. How to clean black fabric sofa He also founded the National Negro Business League in 1900. How to wash shirts without fading Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, both men with deep racial prejudices, used Washington as an advisor because he accepted racial subordination. How to shrink rayon clothes He was able to recommend candidates for minor political posts that traditionally were given to blacks. How to wash clothes contaminated with poison ivy The industrialists who controlled the financing of many black schools in the South depended upon his advice as to which schools should receive funds. How to clean black canvas shoes In 1903, Washington’s policies received a challenge from within the black community. When should i wash my baby clothes W.E.B. How to make white clothes whiter in the wash Du Bois, then a scholar at Atlanta University, attacked Washington’s philosophy in the book THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK.
An organized resistance to Washington grew within the black intellectual community. How to get white clothes clean without bleach But as far as the majority of middle-class and working-class blacks were concerned, Washington remained their man. Do you wash white clothes with hot or cold water His popularity enabled him to neutralize criticism, sometimes by devious means such as bribing newspapers to report false and unflattering reports of his critics. How to clean clothes in washing machine Because of his image as a conciliator, Washington seldom could publicly criticize injustice. Dry wash for clothes Yet, behind the scenes, he did finance court cases challenging segregation and tried to mitigate some of its excesses. How to wash gym clothes When Woodrow Wilson became president in 1913, Washington lost his influence in the federal government, which Wilson helped segregate further. How to clean stains with baking soda Meanwhile, a new era had begun in the black community, and a younger generation would no longer accept white supremacy. Washing clothes in cold water vs warm water Under the leadership of Du Bois and others, they would demand their political and civil rights.